ISCA Archive Interspeech 2022
ISCA Archive Interspeech 2022

Speaker consistency loss and step-wise optimization for semi-supervised joint training of TTS and ASR using unpaired text data

Naoki Makishima, Satoshi Suzuki, Atsushi Ando, Ryo Masumura

In this paper, we investigate the semi-supervised joint training of text to speech (TTS) and automatic speech recognition (ASR), where a small amount of paired data and a large amount of unpaired text data are available. Conventional studies form a cycle called the TTS-ASR pipeline, where the multi-speaker TTS model synthesizes speech from text with a reference speech and the ASR model reconstructs the text from the synthesized speech, after which both models are trained with a cycle-consistency loss. However, the synthesized speech does not reflect the speaker characteristics of the reference speech and the synthesized speech becomes overly easy for the ASR model to recognize after training. This not only decreases the TTS model quality but also limits the ASR model improvement. To solve this problem, we propose improving the cycle-consistency-based training with a speaker consistency loss and step-wise optimization. The speaker consistency loss brings the speaker characteristics of the synthesized speech closer to that of the reference speech. In the step-wise optimization, we first freeze the parameter of the TTS model before both models are trained to avoid over-adaptation of the TTS model to the ASR model. Experimental results demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed method.


doi: 10.21437/Interspeech.2022-304

Cite as: Makishima, N., Suzuki, S., Ando, A., Masumura, R. (2022) Speaker consistency loss and step-wise optimization for semi-supervised joint training of TTS and ASR using unpaired text data. Proc. Interspeech 2022, 526-530, doi: 10.21437/Interspeech.2022-304

@inproceedings{makishima22_interspeech,
  author={Naoki Makishima and Satoshi Suzuki and Atsushi Ando and Ryo Masumura},
  title={{Speaker consistency loss and step-wise optimization for semi-supervised joint training of TTS and ASR using unpaired text data}},
  year=2022,
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2022},
  pages={526--530},
  doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2022-304},
  issn={2958-1796}
}